What Causes Eczema?
The symptoms of eczema can be quite harsh and they can impact the skin health of infants as well as adults. In general, genetics and hereditary factors in general have been shown to have a role in the development of eczema. It is a skin ailment that can create welts, lesions, and raw patches of skin if left untreated for prolonged periods. The severity of each case depends upon a host of factors. Here are some factors that can contribute to the development of eczema:
- Genetics: Eczema tends to run in families, so there may be a genetic predisposition to the condition.
- Immune system dysfunction: Eczema is thought to be caused by an overactive immune response, which can lead to inflammation and skin damage.
- Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental triggers, such as harsh chemicals, irritants, or allergens, can trigger or exacerbate eczema symptoms.
- Skin barrier dysfunction: Eczema may be caused by a dysfunction in the skin’s barrier function, which can lead to dryness, itching, and inflammation.
- Stress: Stress can trigger or exacerbate eczema symptoms.
- Diet: Certain foods, such as dairy, eggs, and nuts, can trigger eczema symptoms in some individuals.
How To Treat Eczema
While there are professional dermatology options available to those who suffer from this severe skin condition, many people often go without professional intervention. The full extent of eczema upon your skin and where it appears the most will determine the best course of action for you as an individual.
Treatments such as the low-intensity laser therapy (LILT) help to reduce eczema outbreaks. This stage of treatment can be carried out in conjunction with any topical treatment being utilised. The cold laser provides almost immediate relief as it calms the nerves within the skin and soothes that intense itching. Further, this therapy offers an increase in skin cell regeneration, helps bolster the immune system and helps to reduce inflammation and severe discomfort from the irritation of the skin.
How To Treat Eczema Scars
People suffering with eczema tend to itch more than people who do not have the condition. Itching leads to scratching, which causes the skin to react further and eczema symptoms to worsen. This results in even more itching, a sequence known as the itch-scratch cycle. If your skin is wounded from repetitive scratching, it can lead to pigment changes or scarring. Eczema scars can be difficult to treat, but there are several options that may help improve their appearance.
Here are some ways to treat eczema scars:
Topical corticosteroids: If your eczema is still active, your healthcare professional or dermatologist may recommend using a topical corticosteroid to reduce inflammation and itching. This can help prevent further scarring and may help improve the appearance of existing scars.
Moisturisers: Keeping the skin hydrated can help improve the appearance of scars over time. Look for a rich, emollient moisturiser that is formulated for sensitive skin, and apply it daily.
Silicone gel or sheets: Silicone gel or sheets can help reduce the appearance of scars by hydrating the skin and promoting collagen production. These products can be purchased over-the-counter and applied directly to the scar.
Vitamin E: Applying vitamin E oil directly to the scar may help improve its appearance over time. However, it’s important to note that some people may be allergic to vitamin E, so it’s best to do a patch test before using it.
Skin Care For Eczema
While chemical sunscreens are very irritating on a sensitive or impaired skin, physical sunscreens (those containing zinc oxide and titanium dioxide) are not. This is because chemical sunscreens are typically absorbed by the skin, causing blockages, irritation and aggravating the symptoms of eczema. Physical Sunscreen, however, sits on and binds to the surface of the skin, creating an instant blanket like protection without irritation.
Gentle, Fragrance Free Cleansers Exfoliators
If you suffer from eczema, choose a mild, fragrance-free cleanser that is formulated for sensitive skin. Avoid using harsh soaps or products that contain fragrances, which can irritate the skin. Using a gentle and fragrance-free cleanser can help soothe the skin and protect its natural barrier function, which can help improve eczema symptoms over time. When it comes to exfoliators, stay away from harsh physical exfoliants, which can irritate the skin. Instead, look for a gentle chemical exfoliant that contains ingredients like alpha-hydroxy acids (AHAs) or beta-hydroxy acids (BHAs).
For those who suffer eczema to the face, makeup can be a vital part of their routine. Just like physical sunscreen, Mineral makeup’s main ingredient base is Zinc Oxide and Titanium Dioxide. Not only does it have the added benefit of extra sun protection, but mineral makeup also doesn’t penetrate the skin and thus does not cause blockages, congestions or cause irritation. Titanium dioxide and zinc oxide are also known to help soothe skin irritations. At VC Dermal Clinic, we stock Saint Minerals, a consciously created, cruelty-free, mineral make-up range, derived from highest quality, vegan friendly, no-nanotechnology minerals.